14th Battalion – The Frontier Force Regiment (14 FF)

The start of the hostilities between Pakistan and India in 1965 found the battalion deployed in the Gujranwala-Nandipur-Arup area. The following officers accompanied the unit on active service:

Lieutenant-Colonel Syed Ali El Edroos
Major Mohammad Bakhtwar Husain Khan
Major Mohammad Nawaz
Major Sheikh Bashir Ahmed
Major Aftab Ahmed Khan Afridi
Captain Khawaja Rahat Latif
Captain Javad Khan
Captain Rehm Dil Bhatti
Captain Abdul Razaq
Captain Malik Mehr Khan
Lieutenant Naseer Saadat
2/Lieutenant Saleem Ishaq
2/Lieutenant Siraj UI Mulk

As Pakistan troops were gaining ascendancy in the Chamb-Jaurain area, 14 FF was employed in an anti-parachute role. When war with India broke out the battalion was concentrated at Mundeke on September 10th, 1965. On September 11th the battalion, now just over a year old, was engaged in battle at Chawinda. The situation on the Chawinda front was serious.

As the battalion moved forward it found the road blocked with troops, both infantry and armor, who were trickling back towards the rear. It will be remembered that the Indian Army had launched their main effort, which included their only armor division, to capture the communication centers of Pasrur and Badiana. By September 11th they had reached the outskirts of Chawinda. The battalion, though subjected to shelling and occasional air attack, took up a defensive position to the north of Chawinda.

The defensive battle continued in intensity for the next few days. The Indian forces, finding themselves unable to make any headway in their thrust to the south, now decided to attack Badiana, a town some six miles west of’ Chawinda. From here roads radiated in several directions and it was therefore a position of much tactical importance. 14 FF, being a motor battalion, was moved on September 14th to Badiana to provide a firm base for the operation of our armor. The same night B and C Companies were ordered to provide protective elements to the Guides Cavalry (FF) and in subsequent offensive sweeps these elements managed to clear Bhaloke and Fatehpur, which lie midway between Badiana and Chawinda.

So far the battalion had not suffered any casualties but this was not to remain so for long. On September 15th C Company was ordered to secure Alhar railway station. As the company approached its objective it came under fire from enemy tanks. C Company, thus surprised and out-gunned, fought back well and its anti-tank platoon came quickly into action and knocked out some of the enemy tanks. This was not without casualties and the company lost a J.C.O. and some other ranks and there were quite a few wounded.

The battalion again concentrated in a defensive position outside Badiana and casualties steadily mounted as the climax of the war drew near. September 16th was possibly the turning point in the Indian attempt to break through the defense in the general area of Chawinda-Badiana. In fact the Indian Armoured Division got to some two thousand yards of the Pasrur-Sialkot road but were stopped by our armored forces which included the Guides Cavalry (FF) and 14 FF, a motor battalion. It was now the turn of our forces to clear the area of the invaders and this was the next task given to this battalion.

C Company, a company which appeared to be in the thick of action the whole time, attempted to clear the village of Mundeke Berian. It came under heavy tank fire, suffered casualties and was unable to take the village. On September 18th the same company, but this time supported by tanks, managed to clear Mundeke Berian and later in the day cleared the village of Jassoran in which it captured some prisoners of war, including an officer of 6 Dogra Regiment.

Enemy pockets in the Jassoran area were mopped up by C Company with a company of l FF and a squadron of tanks. The force exploited success up to the village of Janewal. Major Mohammad Bakhtwar Husain Khan and Captain Khawaja Rabat Latif excelled in these actions. The impending cease fire enabled A Company under Major Mohammad Nawaz to quickly take possession of the villages of Nidoke, Athwal, Vinjal, Pauri, Galbala and Kot Raj Kaur in the Bhagowal area.